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Molecular View into the Cyclodextrin Cavity: Structure and Hydration
Published in American Chemical Society
2020
Volume: 5
   
Issue: 40
Pages: 25655 - 25667
Abstract
We find, through atomistic molecular dynamics simulation of native cyclodextrins (CDs) in water, that although the outer surface of a CD appears like a truncated cone, the inner cavity resembles a conical hourglass because of the inward protrusion of the glycosidic oxygens. Furthermore, the conformations of the constituent α-glucose molecules are found to differ significantly from a free monomeric α-glucose molecule. This is the first computational study that maps the conformational change to the preferential hydrogen bond donating capacity of one of the secondary hydroxyl groups of CD, in consensus with an NMR experiment. We have developed a simple and novel geometry-based technique to identify water molecules occupying the nonspherical CD cavity, and the computed water occupancies are in close agreement with the experimental and density functional theory studies. Our analysis reveals that a water molecule in CD cavity loses out about two hydrogen bonds and remains energetically frustrated but possesses higher orientational degree of freedom compared to bulk water. In the context of CD-drug complexation, these imply a nonclassical, that is, enthalpically driven hydrophobic association of a drug in CD cavity. Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetACS Omega
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Chemical Society
ISSN24701343
Open AccessNo