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Molecular Dynamics Simulation and Experimental Study on the Growth of Methane Hydrate in Presence of Methanol and Sodium Chloride
, Choudhary Nilesh, Singh Kushwaha Omkar, Bhattacharjee Gaurav,
Published in Elsevier BV
2017
Volume: 105
   
Pages: 5026 - 5033
Abstract

The plugging of processing and transportation lines by gas hydrate formation is a challenging problem for safe exploitation of oil and gas. The existence of water soluble third component (like methanol and sodium chloride) in the aqueous phase influence the gas hydrate formation thermodynamically also possibly affects the kinetics of hydrate growth. Inorganic salt and organic molecule (alcohols) at high concentration in the aqueous phase have been used as thermodynamic inhibitors to effectively prevent the hydrate formation. This study utilizes molecular dynamics as well as an experimental method to investigate the mechanism of the hydrate formation and the effect of additives. The MD simulation showed that at moderate temperature and pressure, a low concentration (1 wt %) of methanol and NaCl enhances methane hydrate growth kinetics. Significant numbers of methanol molecules were observed inside the gas hydrate cages whereas Na+/Cl ions leach out during hydrate formation.

About the journal
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier BV
Open AccessNo