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Modulus reduction and damping curves for sand of south-east coast of India
Published in
Volume: 6
Issue: 4
Adequate information on dynamic soil properties, especially strain dependent shear modulus (G) and damping ratio (ξ) for each soil layer are the essential input data for seismic ground response analysis and soil-structure interaction studies. In the present study, the shear modulus and damping ratio of sand are estimated for a wide range of strains based on undrained strain-controlled cyclic triaxial tests. The bender elements are also utilized in the cyclic triaxial test to estimate the low strain shear modulus. For this purpose, the soil samples are taken from a nuclear power plant site located at the south-east coastal region of India. Based on the experimental results, an empirical expression is developed to calculate the maximum shear modulus, G max as function of void ratio and effective confining stress. Predictive relationships are also developed for estimating normalized shear modulus and damping ratio curves for the sand. The predictive relationships are based on the hyperbolic model and cyclic triaxial test results. The developed modulus reduction and damping ratio curves from the predictive relationships are compared with the previously available curves in the literature. © 2012 World Scientific Publishing Company.
About the journal
JournalJournal of Earthquake and Tsunami
Open AccessNo