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Mass Housing Using GFRG Panels: A Sustainable, Rapid and Affordable Solution
Philip Cherian, Shinto Paul, S. R. Gouri Krishna, ,
Published in Springer India
2017
Volume: 98
   
Issue: 1-2
Pages: 95 - 100
Abstract
This work gives an overview of research and development carried out at IIT Madras, using glass fibre reinforced gypsum (GFRG) panels, to provide an innovative solution for rapid and affordable mass housing. The GFRG panels (124 mm thick), made from recycled industrial waste gypsum (from the fertilizer industry), are prefabricated in 3 m × 12 m sizes with cellular cavities inside, which can be filled with reinforced concrete wherever required and can be used as walls as well as floor slabs. The tests carried out (over the past 12 years) establish the performance of GFRG building systems to resist gravity and lateral loads as a load-bearing system (without beams and columns) in multi-storeyed buildings up to 8–10 storeys, with adequate strength, serviceability, durability and ductility. A two-storeyed four-apartment demonstration building has also been successfully constructed in the IIT Madras campus and presently a mass housing scheme (40 apartment units) using this technology is being demonstrated at Nellore. A structural design code has also been approved by the Bureau of Indian Standards, based on the extensive studies carried out on GFRG building systems. © 2017, The Institution of Engineers (India).
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series A
PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer India
ISSN22502149
Open AccessNo
Concepts (16)
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    APARTMENT HOUSES
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    Concretes
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    Durability
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    Earthquake engineering
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    GYPSUM
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    Reinforced concrete
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    Structural design
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    DEMONSTRATION BUILDINGS
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    EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT
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    GLASS FIBRE REINFORCED
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    INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS
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    Load bearing
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    MASS HOUSING
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    Research and development
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    STRUCTURAL DESIGN CODES
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    Housing