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Low intermittent flow promotes rat mesenchymal stem cell differentiation in logarithmic fluid shear device
Sanat Kumar Dash, Vineeta Sharma, ,
Published in American Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume: 14
Issue: 5
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells are an ideal candidate for bone tissue engineering due to their osteogenic potential. Along with chemical, mechanical signals such as fluid shear stress have been found to influence their differentiation characteristics. But the range of fluid shear experienced in vivo is too wide and difficult to generate in a single device. We have designed a microfluidic device that could generate four orders of shear stresses on adherent cells. This was achieved using a unique hydraulic resistance combination and linear optimization to the lesser total length of the circuit, making the device compact and yet generating four logarithmically increasing shear stresses. Numerical simulation depicts that, at an inlet velocity of 160 μl/min, our device generated shear stresses from 1.03 Pa to 1.09 mPa. In this condition, we successfully cultured primary rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) in the device for a prolonged period of time in the incubator environment (four days). Higher cell proliferation rate was observed in the intermittent flow at 1.09 mPa. At 10 mPa, both upregulation of osteogenic genes and higher alkaline phosphatase activity were observed. These results suggest that the intermittent shear of the order of 10 mPa can competently enhance osteogenic differentiation of rBMSCs compared to static culture. © 2020 Author(s).
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetBiomicrofluidics
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Open AccessNo