This paper reports the key findings from an experimental study carried out on thermally aged natural ester fluid impregnated pressboard (EOIP) material. The results show that the surface discharge inception voltage (SDIV) with thermally aged EOIP material is higher under negative DC voltage compared with positive DC and AC voltage. The SDIV increases with AC voltage frequency and a minimal reduction in voltage was observed under harmonic AC voltages with different total harmonic distortion (THD). The rate of change in voltage due to ripple content in DC voltage affects the SDIV of EOIP material, initiating discharges at lower voltages. The UHF signals radiated during the surface discharge process have a bandwidth in the range 0.9 to 2 GHz. Surface potential variation studies indicated the formation of high trap sites and trap density due to thermal aging. A reduction in the oxidation onset temperature and the activation energy of thermal decomposition were observed with thermally aged EOIP material. A pyrolysis study showed high composition of levoglucosan and acidic residue with the thermally aged specimen, which reduces its degree of polymerization. Impedance spectroscopic analysis indicates a non-Debye type of relaxation with thermally aged EOIP material. The mobility and charge transfer characteristics were also inferred from the modulus spectroscopy which showed less change for thermally aged pressboard material.
|Journal||Data powered by TypesetIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation|
|Publisher||Data powered by TypesetInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.|