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Interfacial adhesion mechanism between organic polymer coating and hydrating cement paste
, Ilango N.K., Gujar P., Nagesh A.K., Alex A.
Published in
Volume: 115
Surface coatings have proved to be one of the most effective methods to protect the concrete structures in aggressive environments. However, coating the structures with polymer after 28 days of curing/hydration to get the best interfacial performance has little scientific backing. The measured surface free energy of the hydrating cement paste showed that the surface energy is high for a 2-day hydrated paste compared to cement paste cured for 7, 28 days. This opens up the possibility for exploration into coating an acrylic based polymer on a concrete surface before it reaches 28 days of hydration, which has been investigated in this study. The practical work of adhesion between the hydrating cement paste and polymer as measured from macro mechanical tests showed to have a dependency on the surface evolution of the cement paste. However, it was also observed that it depends equally on the polymer functional groups. Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), when coated on a 2-day hydrated cement paste, showed higher interfacial strength than when coated on later days (7, 14, 28 days). In the case of epoxy, irrespective of when the polymer was coated, it had the same interfacial strength. The influence of the evolving cement paste and the polymer functional group (PMMA in particular) on the interfacial strength at the micro- and molecular-length scales are discussed. It is found that the free/adsorbed calcium form a metal-complex with the ester functional group of the polymer in addition to the physical interactions, resulting in higher interfacial strength. The observations shed light on the importance of interfacial science and act as a guideline for the design of effective polymer-cement coatings. © 2020
About the journal
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Open AccessNo