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Influence of fluence, beam overlap and aging on the wettability of pulsed Nd3+:YAG nanosecond laser-textured Cu and Al sheets
Published in Elsevier B.V
Volume: 548

Superhydrophobic and hydrophobic surfaces on Al and Cu have a wide range of applications in electronics, industrial devices, air conditioning, and refrigeration plants, and home appliances due to their excellent electrical and thermal characteristics. In many of these applications, the wettability of their surface is essential. This work presents the fabrication of superhydrophobic and hydrophobic surfaces on Al and hydrophobic surfaces on the Cu metal sheets via laser processing and aging without any additional chemical treatment. Texturing with laser spot overlap is used to generate naturally formed nanoscale textures by scanning the whole sample surface. The influence of laser parameters on the dimension and shape of the fabricated surface textures and their impact on wettability is analyzed along with the evolution of wetting behavior over time. The laser textured surfaces, which are initially hydrophilic, are found to transform hydrophobic over time upon exposure to atmospheric conditions. Experimental evidence using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and ATR-FTIR spectroscopy corroborates this transition is owing to the adsorption of organic molecules present in ambient. The depth profiling using XPS reveals carbon contamination around 60–70 nm from the sample surface. Furthermore, textures exhibiting static contact angles of up to 154° have been achieved with Al sheets, whereas contact angles up to 122° have been attained in the Cu sample. These experimental findings enable control of wettability of Al and Cu sheets through precise tuning of laser parameters for desired properties. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.

About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetApplied Surface Science
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier B.V
Open AccessNo
Authors (3)