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Ignition and extinction in a model problem with parallel endothermic and exothermic reactions
Published in
Volume: 44
Issue: 11
Pages: 2611 - 2618
S-shaped curves occur widely in the modelling of chemical reactors and these give rise to multiple steady-states and hysteresis. At the turning points of an S-shaped curve the behavior of the solutions is catastrophic. The turning points for distributed parameter systems are usually calcualted numerically. In this paper we describe, for a model problem, how such catastrophic behavior can be obtained by considering them to be imperfections of systems whose bifurcation diagrams exhibit sub-critical instability. This facilitates approximate calculation of the critical points, i.e. the ignition and extinction points as given by the turning points of the S-shaped curve. The problem, we have considered, is the stability of two zeroth order reactions-one endothermic and the other exothermic. We use a perturbation approach to construct the solutions. Such a calculation helps us divide the parameter space into different regions. The nature of the solutions in each region is explained, wherever possible. © 1989.
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JournalChemical Engineering Science
Open AccessNo