Research on nucleobases has always been on the forefront owing to their ever-increasing demand in the pharmaceutical, agricultural, and other industries. The applications, however, became limited due to their poor solubility in water. Recently, ionic liquids (ILs) have emerged as promising solvents for nucleobase dissolution, as they exhibit >100-fold increased solubility compared to water. But the high viscosity of ILs remains as a bottleneck in the field. Here, by solubility and viscosity measurements, we show that addition of low-to-moderate quantity of water preserves the high solubilizing capacity of ILs, while reducing the viscosity of the solution by several folds. To understand the mechanism of nucleobase dissolution, molecular dynamics simulations were carried out, which showed that at low concentrations water incorporates into the IL-nucleobase network without much perturbing of the nucleobase-IL interactions. At higher concentrations, increasing numbers of IL anion-water hydrogen bonds replace IL-nucleobase interactions, which have been confirmed by 1H- and 13C NMR chemical shifts of the IL ions. © 2016 American Chemical Society.