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Great geomagnetic storm of 9 November 1991: Association with a disappearing solar filament
Cliver E.W., , Nitta N.V., Li X.
Published in Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Volume: 114
Issue: 3
We attribute the great geomagnetic storm on 8-10 November 1991 to a large-scale eruption that encompassed the disappearance of a ∼25° solar filament in the southern solar hemisphere. The resultant soft X-ray arcade spanned ∼90° of solar longitude. The rapid growth of an active region lying at one end of the X-ray arcade appears to have triggered the eruption. This is the largest geomagnetic storm yet associated with the eruption of a quiescent filament. The minimum hourly Dst value of -354 nT on 9 November 1991 compares with a minimum Dst value of -161 nT for the largest 27-day recurrent (coronal hole) storm observed from 1972 to 2005 and the minimum -559 nT value observed during the flare-associated storm of 14 March 1989, the greatest magnetic storm recorded during the space age. Overall, the November 1991 storm ranks 15th on a list of Dst storms from 1905 to 2004, surpassing in intensity such well-known storms as 14 July 1982 (-310 nT) and 15 July 2000 (-317 nT). We used the Cliver et al. and Gopalswamy et al. empirical models of coronal mass ejection propagation in the solar wind to provide consistency checks on the eruption/storm association. Copyright 2009 by the American Geophysical Union.
About the journal
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
Open AccessNo