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Further Insights into Patterns from Drying Particle Laden Sessile Drops
Published in American Chemical Society
Volume: 37
Issue: 14
Pages: 4395 - 4402
The evaporation of colloidal dispersions is an elegant and straightforward route to controlled self-assembly of particles on a solid surface. In particular, the evaporation of particle laden drops placed on solid substrates has received considerable attention for more than two decades. Such particle filled drops upon complete evaporation of the solvent leave behind a residue, commonly called particulate deposit pattern. In these patterns, typically, more particles accumulate at the edge compared to the interior, a feature observed when coffee drops evaporate. Consequently, such evaporative patterns are called coffee stains. In this article, the focus is on the evaporation of highly dilute suspension drops containing particles of larger diameters ranging from 3 to 10 μm drying on solid substrates. This helps us to investigate the combined role of gravity-driven settling of particles and capillary flow-driven particle transport on pattern formation in drying drops. In the highly dilute concentration limit, the evaporative patterns are found to show a transition, from a monolayer deposit that consists of a single layer of particles, to a multilayer deposit as a function of particle diameter and initial concentration of particles in the drying drop. Moreover, the spatial distribution of particles as well as the ordering of particles in the deposit patterns are found to be particle size dependent. It is also seen that the order-disorder transition, a feature associated with the organization of particles at the edge of the deposit, observed typically at moderate particle concentrations, disappears at the highly dilute concentrations considered here. The evaporation of drops containing particles of 10 μm diameter, where the effect of gravity on the particle becomes significant, leads to uniform deposition of particles, i.e, suppression of the coffee-stain effect and to the formation of two-dimensional percolating networks. © 2021 American Chemical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetLangmuir
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Chemical Society
Open AccessNo