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Friction scaling laws for transport in active turbulence
Sanjay C.P.,
Published in American Physical Society
2020
Volume: 5
   
Issue: 2
Abstract
Understanding the role of frictional drag in diffusive transport is an important problem in the field of active turbulence. Using a generic continuum model that applies well to living systems, we investigate the role of Ekman friction on the passive transport of Lagrangian tracers that go with the local flow. We find that the crossover from ballistic to diffusive regime happens at a timescale τc that attains a minimum at zero friction, meaning that both injection and dissipation of energy delay the relaxation of tracers. We explain this by proposing that τc∼ ∗/urms, where ∗ is a dominant length scale extracted from energy spectrum peak, and urms is a velocity scale that sets the kinetic energy at steady state; both scales monotonically decrease with friction. Finally, we predict friction scaling laws for ∗,urms, and the diffusion coefficient D∼ ∗urms/2, that are valid over a wide range of fluid friction. The findings of our report should apply to transport phenomena in generic active systems such as dense bacterial suspensions, microtubule networks, or even artificial swimmers, to name a few. © 2020 American Physical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetPhysical Review Fluids
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Physical Society
ISSN2469990X
Open AccessNo