Header menu link for other important links
Fretting wear behaviour of nickel foam struts used in fuel cell applications
Published in SAGE Publications Ltd
In any proton-exchange membrane fuel cell, the bipolar plates grab attention because of the high production cost and heavyweight. Hence, the open-cell nickel foams are considered as an alternative to these grooved plates. The reliability of the metallic foams used as flow distributors and gas diffusion layers plays a vital role in the fuel cell's overall performance. Fretting wear damage of the metal foam at strut/strut interface and strut/supporting frame interface due to the vehicular vibrations and pressurized fuel flow is expected to affect the performance and is investigated. This paper discusses the fretting wear behaviour of nickel foam strut that constitutes open-cell nickel foam based on laboratory tests. The experiments are performed by using two different contact configurations: steel ball on wrought nickel flat and nickel strut on wrought nickel flat. The test results reveal the fretting friction coefficient's dependence on the normal load, surface roughness and contact geometry. Although the nickel strut versus nickel flat fretting wear tests showed a low coefficient of friction, severe damages were observed on the nickel struts’ worn surfaces compared to the wrought nickel flat. Scanning electron microscope images of worn scars on nickel foam struts indicate the presence of shallow grooves, craters, micro-cracks and delamination craters at higher loads. © IMechE 2021.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology
PublisherData powered by TypesetSAGE Publications Ltd
Open AccessNo