The feasibility of non-contact and non-destructive evaluation (NDE) of planar aerospace dielectric composites using microwave is examined in this paper. Free space microwave measurement set up includes spot focusing horns to gather the scattering parameters of the composites with the help of (Gated-thru reflect line) G-TRL calibration. The dielectric properties are studied from the measured scattering parameters to characterize the material's defective and non-defective region. Particulate reinforced composite with an air gap of 0.1 mm thickness and 10 mm width is used for validation of the technique. © 2019 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved.