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Formation of nanostructures on magnesium alloy by anodization for potential biomedical applications
L. Mohan, S. Kar, B. Nandhini, S.S. Dhilip Kumar, M. Nagai,
Published in Elsevier Ltd
Volume: 25
In the present work, we have investigated the formation of nanostructures on AZ31 magnesium alloy using electrochemical anodization technique. The formed nanostructures were efficiently showed bone-like apatite formation followed by its gradual increase, when immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF) and it exhibited controlled degradation in 7 days. Cell viability study was performed using MG-63 cells (human osteosarcoma cell lines) and revealed that the nanostructured surface has excellent biocompatibility by enhancing both cell adhesion and cell growth. The detailed characterization of this anodized surface was evaluated by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Furthermore, surface-corrosion before and after anodization was examined by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization studies in SBF. The in-depth studies bring out the fact that native oxide in the sample is converted to a biocompatible nanostructure, which is created due to anodization in a particular electrolyte solution containing ethylene glycol and hybrid hydrofluoric acid mixture. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd
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