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Formation and dissociation kinetics of methane hydrates in seawater and silica sand
Prathyusha Mekala, Ponnivalavan Babu, , Praveen Linga
Published in American Chemical Society
2014
Volume: 28
   
Issue: 4
Pages: 2708 - 2716
Abstract
Understanding the kinetics of gas hydrate formation and dissociation in porous media has become important since their discovery in permafrost locations and marine sediments. Natural gas hydrates are now recognized as a huge potential source of methane gas. The present work is focused on understanding the kinetics of methane hydrate formation and dissociation in pure water and seawater. Methane gas hydrate formation and dissociation kinetics were studied in Toyoura sand (100-500 μm) with pure water at 8 MPa (driving force of 4.2 MPa) and seawater at 8 and 10 MPa (driving force of 6.2 MPa) and a temperature of 277.15 K. For the present work, 3.03 wt % saline seawater obtained from Pulau Tekong (Singapore) is used. The methane hydrate formation kinetics in Toyoura sand and 100% pure water saturation at 277.2 K and 8.0 MPa was found to agree well with the literature works. For experiments conducted at 277.2 K and a driving force of 4.2 MPa, water conversion to hydrate for the experiments conducted with pure water was 72%, whereas for the experiments conducted with seawater, it was only 11.6%. While the role of salts as thermodynamic inhibitors is well-known, our study implies that, in the presence of porous media, the presence of salts significantly affects the kinetics of hydrate formation, resulting in a 6 time reduction in the conversion and also a significant reduction in the rate of hydrate formation. Subsequently, the hydrate samples were dissociated by employing thermal stimulation at a constant pressure of 4.8 MPa. Hydrates were thermally stimulated by two different driving forces (ΔT = 20 and 10) and the dissociation characteristics, and production rates were observed and determined. On the basis of the recovery curves obtained from all of the experiments conducted for water as well as seawater, we observed distinctive dissociation behaviors for the hydrates in seawater and hydrates in pure water. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetEnergy and Fuels
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Chemical Society
Open AccessNo
Concepts (18)
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    Dissociation
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    Experiments
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    Hydration
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    Kinetics
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    Methane
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    Porous materials
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    Salts
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    SEAWATER
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    Submarine geology
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    Constant pressures
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    DISSOCIATION KINETICS
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    HYDRATE FORMATION
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    Methane gas hydrates
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    METHANE HYDRATE FORMATION AND DISSOCIATIONS
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    POTENTIAL SOURCES
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    Thermal stimulation
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    THERMODYNAMIC INHIBITORS
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    Gas hydrates