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Expert system for the design of inherently safer processes. 1. Route selection stage
Published in American Chemical Society
2002
Volume: 41
   
Issue: 26
Pages: 6698 - 6710
Abstract
In the past, the design and engineering of process plants has been driven by factors related to economics followed by operability, reliability, maintainability, and safety with an emphasis on engineering budget and time. Decisions concerning safety during the evaluation phase focused on risk reduction instead of reducing or eliminating hazards. Increased public concern on safety issues and stringent environmental standards have led plant designers to consider inherently safer and environmentally friendlier processes. Opportunities for developing such processes are highest in the early stages of design. Constraints such as time and lack of inherent safety analysis tools have been cited as hurdles to the development and implementation of an inherently safer design. We address the need for inherent safety support tools in this two-part series by developing a systematic methodology for automating inherent safety analysis in the route selection and flowsheet development stages of process design. In the first part, we describe how the knowledge required for inherent safety analysis during route selection can be formalized in the form of expert rules. We also present a new inherent safety index for ranking of process routes and a graphical method for analyzing reaction networks. We illustrate the methodology by using it to compare three routes for phenol manufacture. In the second part, we describe the methodology for inherently safer flowsheet design and the implementation of an expert system that automates the methodology.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Chemical Society
ISSN08885885
Open AccessNo