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Evaluation of Pulse Contour Markers using an A-Mode Ultrasound: Association with Carotid Stiffness Markers and Ageing
R. Manoj, V. Raj Kiran, P.M. Nabeel, M. Sivaprakasam,
Published in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
PMID: 36085673
Volume: 2022-July
Pages: 4010 - 4013
Vascular ageing is directly associated with the blood vessel wall structural and functional abnormalities. Pulse morphology carries information on these abnormalities, and pulse contour analysis (PCA) identifies key amplitudes and timing information on the pulse waveforms that has a prognostic value towards cardiovascular risk stratification. PCA markers derived from second derivative waveforms represent the accelerative and decelerative phase of an arterial pulse. In this work, second derivative diameter waveforms of central arteries such as carotid artery are obtained using an A-mode ultrasound device. The derived PCA markers (b/a, c/a, d/a, e/a, (b-c-d-e)/a) from diameter waveform is investigated for its association with central stiffness markers and aging. An observational and cross-sectional study on 106 subjects (51 male/55 females) was conducted for this investigation. The highest correlation (r = 0.5, P < 0.001) was observed between c/a and PWV, and the lowest correlation was between c/a and AC. Group average values of PCA markers for each age decade group were correlated strongly (r > 0.9, p < 0.001) with age. A change > 19% was observed between the group average values of PCA markers of the normotensive and hypertensive population. The applicability of aforesaid PCA markers on central pulse waveforms, measured using a noninvasive device in resource-limited field settings, would accelerate such large scale vascular screening that is essential to understanding the cardiovascular risks at a population level. Clinical Relevance- This study provides an investigation into using second derivative diameter waveforms obtained from the carotid artery to find its associations with arterial stiffness and ageing. © 2022 IEEE.
About the journal
JournalProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.