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Electrochemical degradation of aqueous phenols using graphite electrode in a divided electrolytic cell
Ram Prasad Viswanath
Published in Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume: 22
Issue: 3
Pages: 358 - 363
Untreated industrial effluents invariably contain large amounts of heavy metals and organics. This paper reports the electrochemical oxidation of synthetic water containing 200 ppm of phenol. Studies have been carried out in a compartmentalized cell using platinum (cathode) and graphite (anode). Electrolysis has been done for 40 h at constant applied potential of 5 V in different electrolytes, such as, NaCl (aq), NaOH (aq) and a mixture containing both NaCl (aq) and NaOH (aq) as the anolyte and acid as the catholyte. Phenol concentration decreased from the initial value of 200 to about 10 ppm.; the corresponding COD values, respectively, are ∼400 to ∼100 ppm. The reaction goes through chloro-compounds as intermediates before being mineralized. The carbon anode seems to be passivated with a thin layer of poly-phenol. A concomitant amount of hydrogen is generated during the electrolytic degradation of phenol.
About the journal
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
PublisherKorean Institute of Chemical Engineers
Open AccessNo