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Effects of coflow on turbulent flame puffs
J.C. Hermanson, , J.E. Usowicz, H. Johari
Published in American Inst. Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.
Volume: 40
Issue: 7
Pages: 1355 - 1362
Pulsed, turbulent jet diffusion flames in an air coflow of variable strength were examined experimentally. In all cases, the flames were fully modulated, that is, the fuel flow was completely shut off between pulses. Isolated puffs of unheated ethylene fuel were injected using a 2-mm-diam-nozzle into a combustor with an air coflow at 1-atm pressure. For short injection times (τ < 50 ms), compact, pufflike structures were generated. The mean flame length of these puffs was at least 51% less than that of a steady-state, that is, nonpulsed, flame for the same injection Reynolds number. More elongated flame structures, with a flame length closer to that of steady-state flames, occurred for longer injection times of up to 300 ms. The addition of coflow generally causes an increase in the mean flame length. For short injection times (τ < 50 ms), this resulted in an increase in flame length of up to 27% for a coflow strength of Ucof/Ujet = 0.02. The fractional increase in the flame length due to coflow of pulsed flames with longer injection times, as well as steady flames, was significantly less. The mean flame length for the flame with the coflow duct generally exceeded that of the corresponding free flame, even for the case of zero coflow. The amount of coflow required to achieve a given increase in mean flame length is quantitatively consistent with a scaling argument developed as part of this investigation.
About the journal
JournalAIAA Journal
PublisherAmerican Inst. Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.