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Effects of air swirler geometry on air and spray droplet interactions in a spray chamber
Published in SAGE Publications Inc.
Volume: 11
Issue: 5
In this work, interactions between cold spray and swirl airflow are characterized experimentally and numerically for various air swirler geometries. The number of vanes, vane angle, vane curvature, and air velocity are varied for the swirling airflow. Spray visualization and phase Doppler interferometry techniques have been employed to obtain important parameters such as spray cone angle and mean drop size. In the numerical work, the Realizable k-ε turbulence model has been employed along with the Linearized Instability Sheet Atomization and Taylor Analogy Breakup to simulate spray field. The predicted results for the airflow field compare well with available experimental results in published literature. Good match is also found between the present predictions and measured spray data. The radial distribution of Sauter mean diameter exhibits peak values at the periphery of the spray near the injector, due to liquid swirl. The peak Sauter mean diameter shifts to the spray axis, beyond the recirculation zone, due to entrainment of droplets by the swirling air stream. The volume fraction of droplets exhibits multi-modal distribution, due to the interactions between spray droplets and recirculating airflow. A curved swirler gives rise to finer spray compared to a flat swirler, due to lower losses and better utilization of momentum. © The Author(s) 2019.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetAdvances in Mechanical Engineering
PublisherData powered by TypesetSAGE Publications Inc.
Open AccessYes