Header menu link for other important links
Effective clearance of uremic toxins using functionalised silicon Nanoporous membranes
, Vallam Thodi F., Sengupta S., Kannan S., Ananya Ghosh, Lalitha Krishnan
Published in Springer
Volume: 23
Issue: 1
In-house fabricated silicon nanoporous membranes (SNMs), functionalized for efficient clearance of uremic toxins, can lead to compact and portable dialysis systems. Efficacy of 15 nm thick SNMs, with average pore diameter of 8 nm, was tested for dialysis of two uremic toxins - urea and creatinine using custom made teflon apparatus of 2, 10 and 30 ml. The apparatus consisted of two reservoirs, with the cis containing the uremic fluid, and the trans containing the dialysate. Peristalsis was found to enhance the clearance rate by a factor of four as compared to unstirred condition. Functionalisation of the SNMs reduced protein binding, and surface binding of urea from 23% to negligible values. A lateral array of nine SNMs and a new design for the dialysis apparatus, increased the clearance rate by a factor of twelve from that of the single SNM. The arrays cleared about 42% of urea and 48% of creatinine from 30 ml of diluted serum samples, in 15 min. Periodic replacement of the trans fluid cleared about 81% of high concentration uremic toxins from the cis reservoir in 45 mins. The SNM arrays are stable, reproducible, and with the superior clearance rates for urea and creatinine, they have the potential to be used as membranes for portable hemodialysers. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC part of Springer Nature.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetBiomedical Microdevices
PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer
Open AccessNo