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Effect of Sand Content on Cyclic Swell-Shrink Behavior of Compacted Expansive Soil
, Sabari Ramesh
Published in American Society of Civil Engineers
2020
Abstract

Alternate wetting and drying of soils arise as a result of seasonal moisture fluctuations which in turn lead to the volume change in soils. An increase in volume caused by an intake of water is termed as swelling, and a reduction in volume occurring due to loss of water is defined as shrinkage. Shrinkage poses a much more serious problem than the swelling and depends on many factors including the sand content. This paper mainly focuses on understanding the role of sand fraction on the swell-shrink pattern of expansive soil. To achieve this objective, the laboratory swell-shrink tests were conducted on both expansive soil (C100) and expansive soil mixed with 50% sand (C50-S50). Digital camera image analyses were performed for identification of cracks during drying cycles. The experimental results show that the vertical, lateral, and volumetric deformations decreased for C50-S50 specimen during each wet-dry (W-D) cycle with reference to the C100 specimen. This is attributed to the reduction in the amount of clay, swelling of clay particles in the inter-void spaces between clay and sand, and encapsulation offered by the sand particles. For C50-S50 specimen, mostly surface cracks were observed and the volume of cracks formed were much lesser compared to C100 specimen.

About the journal
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Society of Civil Engineers
Open AccessNo