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Effect of Refractory Tantalum Metal Filling on the Microstructure and Thermoelectric Properties of Co4Sb12Skutterudites
V. Trivedi, M. Battabyal, S. Perumal, A. Chauhan, , R. Gopalan,
Published in American Chemical Society
Volume: 6
Issue: 5
Pages: 3900 - 3909
We report a systematic investigation of the microstructure and thermoelectric properties of refractory element-filled nanostructured Co4Sb12 skutterudites. The refractory tantalum (Ta) metal-filled Co4Sb12 samples (TaxCo4Sb12 (x = 0, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8)) are synthesized using a solid-state synthesis route. All the samples are composed of a single skutterudite phase. Meanwhile, nanometer-sized equiaxed grains are present in the Ta0.2Co4Sb12 and Ta0.4Co4Sb12 samples, and bimodal distributions of equiaxed grains and elongated grains are observed in Ta0.6Co4Sb12 and Ta0.8Co4Sb12 samples. The dominant carrier type changes from electrons (n-type) to holes (p-type) with an increase in Ta concentration in the samples. The power factor of the Ta0.6Co4Sb12 sample is increased to 2.12 mW/mK2 at 623 K due to the 10-fold reduction in electrical resistivity. The lowest lattice thermal conductivity observed for Ta0.6Co4Sb12 indicates the rattling action of Ta atoms and grain boundary scattering. Rietveld refinement of XRD data and the analysis of lattice thermal conductivity data using the Debye model confirm that Ta occupies at the voids as well as the Co site. The figure of merit (ZT) of ∼0.4 is obtained in the Ta0.6Co4Sb12 sample, which is comparable to single metal-filled p-type skutterudites reported to date. The thermoelectric properties of the refractory Ta metal-filled skutterudites might be useful to achieve both n-type and p-type thermoelectric legs using a single filler atom and could be one of replacements of the rare earth-filled skutterudites with improved thermoelectric properties. © 2021 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.
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JournalData powered by TypesetACS Omega
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Chemical Society