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Distributed Pareto Optimal Beamforming for the MISO Multi-Band Multi-Cell Downlink
, Moothedath V.N.
Published in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Volume: 19
Issue: 11
Pages: 7196 - 7209
In this paper, we consider a multi-cell multi-band downlink where the base station (BS) in each cell has multiple transmit antennas. Each cell has one active mobile station (MS) with a single receive antenna and treats interference from the other cells as noise. There is a sum transmit power constraint for each BS over all the bands. An alternating maximization (AM) algorithm is proposed to determine the optimal power allocation among the bands and the optimal beamforming vectors for each BS in each band. This algorithm can be implemented in a distributed manner with limited exchange of interference constraints between the BSs, and only local channel state information at each BS. The proposed algorithm alternates between: (1) weighted sum-rate (WSR) optimization for the beamformers in each band for a given power allocation, and (2) optimal power allocation across bands for a given set of beamformers. For the 2-cell and 3-cell settings the WSR optimization in each band is significantly simplified using analytical solutions for the sub-problems. The power allocation across bands for a given set of beamformers is obtained analytically in all cases. Numerical results show good convergence properties and significant performance gain using the proposed AM algorithm compared to: (i) equal power allocation across bands and weighted sum-rate optimization in each band, (ii) zero-forcing (ZF) beamforming, and (iii) maximal ratio transmission (MRT) beamforming. © 2002-2012 IEEE.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
PublisherData powered by TypesetInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Open AccessNo