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Development of reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-isabgol nanocomposite dressings for enhanced vascularization and accelerated wound healing in normal and diabetic rats
, , Thangavel Ponrasu, Kannan Ramya, Moorthy Ganeshkumar, Suguna Lonchin
Published in Elsevier BV
2018
Volume: 517
   
Pages: 251 - 264
Abstract

Treatment of chronic non-healing wounds in diabetes is still a major clinical challenge. Here, we have developed reduced graphene oxide (rGO) loaded isabgol nanocomposite scaffolds (Isab + rGO) to treat normal and diabetic wounds. rGO was synthesized by rapid reduction of graphene oxide (GO) under focused solar radiation. Then, rGO was uniformly dispersed into isabgol solution to prepare Isab + rGO nanocomposite scaffolds. These scaffolds were characterized using various physiochemical techniques. Isab + rGO nanocomposite scaffolds showed suitable cell viability, proliferation, and attachment. In vivo experiments were performed using Wistar rats to study the wound healing efficacy of these scaffolds in normal and diabetic rats. Results revealed that rGO stimulated collagen synthesis, collagen crosslinking, wound contraction, and reduced the wound re-epithelialization time significantly compared to control. Histology and immunohistochemistry analyses showed that Isab + rGO scaffold treatment enhanced angiogenesis, collagen synthesis, and deposition in treated wounds. Isab + rGO scaffold treatment also played a major role in shortening the inflammation phase and recruiting macrophages to enhance the early phase of wound healing. Overall, this investigation showed that Isab + rGO scaffold dressing could significantly accelerate the healing of normal and diabetic wounds.

About the journal
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier BV
Open AccessNo