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Deicing of Sessile Droplets Using Surface Acoustic Waves
K.N. Nampoothiri, A. Nath, N.S. Satpathi,
Published in American Chemical Society
PMID: 36883239
Volume: 39
Issue: 11
Pages: 3934 - 3941
Deicing has significant relevance in various applications such as transportation, energy production, and telecommunication. The use of surface acoustic waves (SAWs) is an attractive option for deicing as it offers several advantages such as localized heating, in situ control, low power, and system integration for highly efficient deicing. Here, we report an understanding of the dynamics of deicing of microlitre volume water droplets (1 to 30 μL) exposed to low power (0.3 W) SAW actuation using an interdigitated electrode on a piezoelectric (LiNbO3) substrate. We study the time variation of the volume of liquid water from the onset of SAW actuation to complete deicing, which takes 2.5 to 35 s depending on the droplet volume. The deicing phenomenon is attributed to acoustothermal heating which is found to be greatly influenced by the loss of ice adhesion with the substrate and the acoustic streaming within the liquid water. Acoustothermal heating inside the droplet is characterized by the temperature distribution inside the droplet using infrared thermography, and acoustic streaming is observed using dye-based optical microscopy. A rapid enhancement in deicing is observed upon the detachment of ice from the substrate and the onset of acoustic streaming, marked by a sudden increase in the liquid water volume, droplet temperature, and heat transfer coefficient. The deicing time is found to increase linearly with droplet volume as observed from experiments and further verified using a theoretical model. Our study provides an improved understanding of the recently introduced SAW-based deicing technique that may open up the avenue for a suitable alternative to standard deicing protocols. © 2023 American Chemical Society.
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PublisherAmerican Chemical Society