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Cysteine immobilisation on the polyethylene terephthalate surfaces and its effect on the haemocompatibility
Balaji Ramachandran,
Published in Nature Publishing Group
PMID: 31723220
Volume: 9
Issue: 1
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important signalling molecule involved in haemostasis. NO, present as endogenous S-nitrosothiols, is released by cysteine through a transnitrosation reaction. To exploit this mechanism, cysteine was immobilised onto the different carboxylated polyethylene terephthalate (PET) surfaces using 1-step EDC (1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide) crosslinking mechanism. Immobilised cysteine concentration and NO release were dependent on the surface carboxyl density. Stability studies showed that the immobilised cysteine concentration and NO release reduced within 6 h. Immobilisation of cysteine derivatives eliminated the possibility of formation of polycysteine and its electrostatic interaction with the carboxylated PET. The immobilised cysteine concentration did not recover after DTT treatment, eliminating the possibility of disulphide bond formation. Further, cysteine was immobilised using a 2-step EDC crosslinking mechanism. Although the cysteine concentration reduced during stability studies, it recovered upon DTT treatment, indicating that cysteine forms amide bonds with the carboxylated PET and the observed decrease in cysteine concentration is probably due to the formation of disulphide bonds. The haemocompatibility of the cysteine immobilised PET surfaces showed similar results compared to the carboxylated PET. The loss of thiol groups due to the disulphide bond restricts the transnitrosation reaction. Hence, these materials can be used primarily in short-term applications. © 2019, The Author(s).
About the journal
JournalScientific Reports
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Open AccessYes