Corrosion resistance of electrodeposited (ED) and electroless (EL) composite coatings have been a debatable issue in the published literature. The present paper aims to compare the corrosion resistance of ED Ni-B-Si3N4 composite coating with its plain counter part. The ED Ni-B coatings were prepared using Watt's nickel bath modified with the addition of dimethylamine borane and the ED Ni-B-Si3N4 composite coatings were prepared using the same bath in which Si3N4 particles (mean diameter: 0.80 μm) were dispersed in it. The structural and morphological characteristics of ED Ni-B and Ni-B-Si3N4 composite coatings were determined using X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The corrosion resistances of ED Ni-B and Ni-B-Si3N4 composite coatings, both in as-plated and heat treated conditions, in 3.5% NaCl, were evaluated by potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) studies. The study reveals that the extent of shift in corrosion potential (Ecorr) towards the noble direction, decrease in corrosion current density (icorr), increase in charge transfer resistance (Rct) and decrease in double layer capacitance (Cdl) values with the incorporation of Si3N4 particles in the ED Ni-B matrix is not appreciable, both in as-plated and heat-treated conditions. The occurrence of the second phase angle maximum suggests penetration of the electrolyte via the pores/micro-pores in these coating to create another interface, namely, the electrolyte/substrate. Unlike the nanosized particles, the micron size Si3N4 particles (mean diameter: 0.80 μm) used in this study is not capable of completely filling all the pores in the coating and allowed diffusion of chloride ions along the interface. The marginal improvement in corrosion resistance observed for ED Ni-B-Si3N4 composite coatings compared to its plain counterpart could have resulted from the decrease in effective metallic area prone to corrosion. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.