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Construction of ternary hybrid layered reduced graphene oxide supported g-C3N4-TiO2 nanocomposite and its photocatalytic hydrogen production activity
, Hafeez H.Y., Lakhera S.K., Bellamkonda S., Shankar M.V., Bahnemann D.W., Neppolian B.
Published in Elsevier
Volume: 43
Issue: 8
Pages: 3892 - 3904
Reduced graphene oxide (rGO) supported g-C3N4-TiO2 ternary hybrid layered photocatalyst was prepared via ultrasound assisted simple wet impregnation method with different mass ratios of g-C3N4 to TiO2. The synthesized composite was investigated by various characterization techniques, such as XRD, FTIR, Raman Spectra, FE-SEM, HR-TEM, UV– vis DRS Spectra, XPS Spectra and PL Spectra. The optical band gap of g-C3N4-TiO2/rGO nanocomposite was found to be red shifted to 2.56 eV from 2.70 eV for bare g-C3N4. It was found that g-C3N4 and TiO2 in a mass ratio of 70:30 in the g-C3N4-TiO2/rGO nanocomposite, exhibits the highest hydrogen production activity of 23,143 μmol g−1h−1 through photocatalytic water splitting. The observed hydrogen production rate from glycerol-water mixture using g-C3N4-TiO2/rGO was found to be 78 and 2.5 times higher than g-C3N4 (296 μmol g−1 h−1) and TiO2 (11,954 μmol g−1 h−1), respectively. A direct contact between TiO2 and rGO in the g-C3N4-TiO2/rGO nanocomposite produces an additional 10,500 μmol g−1h−1 of hydrogen in 4 h of photocatalytic reaction than the direct contact between g-C3N4 and rGO. The enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production activity of the resultant nanocomposite can be ascribed to the increased visible light absorption and an effective separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs at the interface of g-C3N4-TiO2/rGO nanocomposite. The effective separation and transportation of photogenerated charge carriers in the presence of rGO sheet was further confirmed by a significant quenching of photoluminescence intensity of the g-C3N4-TiO2/rGO nanocomposite. The photocatalytic hydrogen production rate reported in this work is significantly higher than the previously reported work on g-C3N4 and TiO2 based photocatalysts. © 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier
Open AccessNo