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Constrained optimal multi-phase lunar landing trajectory with minimum fuel consumption
R. Pandiyan
Published in Elsevier Ltd
2017
Volume: 60
   
Issue: 11
Pages: 2477 - 2490
Abstract
A Legendre pseudo spectral philosophy based multi-phase constrained fuel-optimal trajectory design approach is presented in this paper. The objective here is to find an optimal approach to successfully guide a lunar lander from perilune (18km altitude) of a transfer orbit to a height of 100m over a specific landing site. After attaining 100m altitude, there is a mission critical re-targeting phase, which has very different objective (but is not critical for fuel optimization) and hence is not considered in this paper. The proposed approach takes into account various mission constraints in different phases from perilune to the landing site. These constraints include phase-1 (‘braking with rough navigation’) from 18km altitude to 7km altitude where navigation accuracy is poor, phase-2 (‘attitude hold’) to hold the lander attitude for 35sec for vision camera processing for obtaining navigation error, and phase-3 (‘braking with precise navigation’) from end of phase-2 to 100m altitude over the landing site, where navigation accuracy is good (due to vision camera navigation inputs). At the end of phase-1, there are constraints on position and attitude. In Phase-2, the attitude must be held throughout. At the end of phase-3, the constraints include accuracy in position, velocity as well as attitude orientation. The proposed optimal trajectory technique satisfies the mission constraints in each phase and provides an overall fuel-minimizing guidance command history. © 2017 COSPAR
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetAdvances in Space Research
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd
ISSN02731177
Open AccessNo
Concepts (16)
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    Braking
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    Cameras
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    Fuels
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    Landing
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    Moon
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    Navigation
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    Orbits
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    CONSTRAINED OPTIMAL CONTROL
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    FUEL-OPTIMAL TRAJECTORIES
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    LUNAR SOFT LANDING
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    MINIMUM FUEL CONSUMPTION
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    MISSION CONSTRAINTS
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    NAVIGATION ACCURACY
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    Optimal trajectories
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    Pseudospectral methods
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    LUNAR LANDING