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Connecting relaxation time to a dynamical length scale in athermal active glass formers
Ghoshal D.,
Published in American Physical Society
2020
PMID: 33465951
Volume: 102
   
Issue: 6
Abstract
Supercooled liquids display dynamics that are inherently heterogeneous in space. This essentially means that at temperatures below the melting point, particle dynamics in certain regions of the liquid can be orders of magnitude faster than other regions. Often dubbed dynamical heterogeneity, this behavior has fascinated researchers involved in the study of glass transition for over two decades. A fundamentally important question in all glass transition studies is whether one can connect the growing relaxation time to a concomitantly growing length scale. In this paper, we go beyond the realm of ordinary glass forming liquids and study the origin of a growing dynamical length scale ζ in a self-propelled "active"glass former. This length scale, which is constructed using structural correlations, agrees well with the average size of the clusters of slow-moving particles that are formed as the liquid becomes spatially heterogeneous. We further report that the concomitantly growing α-relaxation time exhibits a simple scaling law, τα∼exp(μζ/Teff), with μ as an effective chemical potential, Teff as the effective temperature, and μζ as the growing free energy barrier for cluster rearrangements. The findings of our study are valid over four decades of persistence times, and hence they could be very useful in understanding the slow dynamics of a generic active liquid such as an active colloidal suspension, or a self-propelled granular medium. © 2020 American Physical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetPhysical Review E
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Physical Society
ISSN24700045
Open AccessNo