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Computational flow modeling of underground coal gasification (UCG) process
, Daggupati S., Mandapati R.N., Mahajani S., Sapru R.K., Sharma R.K.
Published in
2010
Volume: 1
   
Pages: 711 - 721
Abstract
Underground coal gasification (UCG) is a technique which permits access to coal which either lies too deep underground, or is otherwise too costly to exploit using conventional mining techniques. At the same time, it eliminates many of the health, safety and environmental problems of deep mining of coal. An irregular shape cavity is formed in the coal seam when coal is converted to gaseous products and its volume increases progressively as the coal is consumed. The complexity involved in modeling UCG process thus compels one to adopt a rigorous modeling approach that calls for use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD), which solves all balance equations simultaneously on a high speed computer. The simulation tool developed in the present work is capable of simultaneously predicting temperature distribution in the coal seam and profiles of velocity, temperature and species inside the cavity of a given size and shape. Further, with the help of this simulator we study the effect of various inlet conditions such as steam to oxygen ratio, feed temperature etc., on the product gas compositions. Ultimately, this work would help one to obtain the optimum conditions to produce product gas of high calorific value for a given cavity along with the specified inlet and boundary conditions. A broader objective of this simulation work is to track the growth of cavity and the associated changes in the UCG performance.
About the journal
Journal27th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference 2010, PCC 2010
Open AccessNo