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Computational chemical studies on thermochemistry and ring strains in cyclic [ n ]Metaphenyleneacetylenes, butadiyne-bridged [4n] Metacyclophynes, and butadiyne-bridged [4n]paracyclophynesPublished in

2010

DOI: 10.1021/jo100603a

PMID: 20695635

Volume: 75

Issue: 17

Pages: 5797 - 5809

The thermochemical properties and ring strains in cyclic [n]metaphenyleneacetylenes ([n]CMPAs), butadiyne-bridged [4n] metacyclophynes (B-B[4n]MCs), and butadiyne-bridged [4 n]paracyclophynes (B-B[4n]PCs) were studied using a homodesmotic reaction scheme coupled with density functional theory (B3LYP/6-31G, mPW1PW91/6-31G, and M06-2X/6-31+G//B3LYP/6-31G). Strain energies of [n]CMPAs and B-B[4n]MCs decrease first from very high values for small rings to become zero when n becomes 6, then increase with n, and finally decrease as n becomes larger than 8. In the case of B-B[4n]PCs, strain energies decrease with increasing n. Heats of formation of [n]CMPAs, B-B[4n]MCs, and B-B[4n]PCs increase steadily with increasing numbers of phenylacetylene and 1-(buta-1,3-diynyl)benzene to reach a near-constant value per unit monomer as n increases. The geometries and (vibrational and nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopic properties of [n]CMPAs, B-B[4n]MCs, and B-B[4n]PCs were also studied. Geometrical parameters, Raman frequencies, and 1H NMR chemical shifts of [3]CMPA and [4]CMPA are found to be in good agreement with compounds for which there are experimentally available values at the B3LYP/6-31G* level of theory. In addition, electronic structure calculations were carried out for [n]CMPAs, B-B[4n]MCs, and B-B[4n]PCs. Ring diameters were also calculated for B-B[4n]PCs. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

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About the journal

Journal | Journal of Organic Chemistry |
---|---|

ISSN | 00223263 |

Open Access | No |

Concepts (46)

- B3LYP/6-31G
- Butadiyne
- Electronic structure calculations
- Geometrical parameters
- Heats of formation
- HOMODESMOTIC REACTIONS
- Nmr chemical shifts
- Per unit
- Phenylacetylenes
- RAMAN FREQUENCIES
- RING DIAMETER
- RING STRAINS
- SMALL RINGS
- SPECTROSCOPIC PROPERTY
- THERMOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES
- Acetylene
- Aromatic hydrocarbons
- Benzene
- CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS
- Electronic structure
- Geometry
- Nuclear magnetic resonance
- Organic polymers
- Raman spectroscopy
- Resonance
- Strain
- Strain energy
- Thermochemistry
- Density functional theory
- Acetylene derivative
- Benzene derivative
- Cyclophane derivative
- Phenylacetylene
- Article
- Chemical structure
- Controlled study
- Heat
- Proton nuclear magnetic resonance
- Raman spectrometry
- Thermodynamics
- Vibration
- Alkynes
- Benzene derivatives
- Computer simulation
- Molecular structure
- Stereoisomerism