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Comparison of Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation Techniques for Evaluation of Air Quality: A Case Study
, Chandra Gautam Hrishikesh
Published in Springer International Publishing
2018
Pages: 605 - 615
Abstract

Urban air quality has degraded at an alarming rate due to rapid urbanisation and industrialization in megacities. Therefore, there is an urgent need to assess air quality and suggest risk mitigation measures. In this paper, air quality of Chennai city was evaluated using different Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation (FSE) techniques i.e. Fuzzy similarity method (FSM) and Simple fuzzy classification (SFC) and the results are compared with the National air quality index (NAQI). In the case of SFC weights for different pollutants were computed using Shannon’s information entropy. Seasonal analysis of the criteria pollutants shows highest concentration during the winter season followed by pre-monsoon and summer season. The lowest concentration was observed during Monsoon in most cases. The FSE results are optimistic as compared to the NAQI due to aggregation of pollutant concentration as opposed to maximising function in NAQI which reconfirms the findings of earlier researchers. FSE can be used as a decision making tool to communicate the overall air quality to policy makers/end users (Public) in a simplified qualitative form.

About the journal
PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer International Publishing
Open AccessNo