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Comparative Evaluation of Air Quality Dispersion Models for PM2.5 at Air Quality Control Regions in Indian and UK Cities
Published in Springer India
2015
Volume: 30
   
Issue: 4
Pages: 249 - 260
Abstract
Swelling urban populations and increased concentration of automobile traffic in and around cities have resulted in severe air pollution, threatening human health and undermining the productivity of the urban population. Air quality modelling is one of the important components of urban air quality management (UAQM). This paper contains comparative performance results of three most used commercial air quality models (AQMs) e.g. AERMOD, ADMS-urban and ISCST3. The models are evaluated based on their predictive accuracy of 1-h average PM2.5 concentrations at selected air quality control regions (AQCRs) in the Delhi and Chennai cities in India and Newcastle city in the United Kingdom for critical winter period of year 2009. At Delhi AQCR, ISCST3 predictions of PM2.5 concentrations are more accurate (d = 0.66) than AERMOD (d = 0.51) and ADMS-Urban (d = 0.52). Similar performance of the models have been observed at Chennai city AQCR, i.e., index of agreement ‘d’ = 0.52 for ISCST3 and d = 0.40 and 0.47 for AERMOD and ADMS-Urban, respectively. However, at Newcastle city AQCR, the ISCST3 has predicted PM2.5 concentrations with an accuracy having d = 0.56 while AERMOD and ADMS, having d = 0.53 and 0.54, respectively. Differences in ‘d’ values clearly indicate causal nature of these Gaussian based models and their sensitivity to input data as well as their parsimonies (less input data requirement by models and more accuracy in output results) to geographical and meteorological conditions. © 2015, Metrology Society of India.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetMapan - Journal of Metrology Society of India
PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer India
ISSN09703950
Open AccessNo