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Bursting during intermittency route to thermoacoustic instability: Effects of slow-fast dynamics
, Tandon S., Pawar S.A., , , Durairaj P.
Published in American Institute of Physics Inc.
PMID: 33138448
Volume: 30
Issue: 10
Intermittency observed prior to thermoacoustic instability is characterized by the occurrence of bursts of high-amplitude periodic oscillations (active state) amidst epochs of low-amplitude aperiodic fluctuations (rest state). Several model-based studies conjectured that bursting arises due to the underlying turbulence in the system. However, such intermittent bursts occur even in laminar and low-turbulence combustors, which cannot be explained by models based on turbulence. We assert that bursting in such combustors may arise due to the existence of subsystems with varying timescales of oscillations, thus forming slow-fast systems. Experiments were performed on a horizontal Rijke tube and the effect of slow-fast oscillations was studied by externally introducing low-frequency sinusoidal modulations in the control parameter. The induced bursts display an abrupt transition between the rest and the active states. The growth and decay patterns of such bursts show asymmetry due to delayed bifurcation caused by slow oscillations of the control parameter about the Hopf bifurcation point. Further, we develop a phenomenological model for the interaction between different subsystems of a thermoacoustic system by either coupling the slow and fast subsystems or by introducing noise in the absence of slow oscillations of the control parameter. We show that interaction between subsystems with different timescales leads to regular amplitude modulated bursting, while the presence of noise induces irregular amplitude modulations in the bursts. Thus, we speculate that bursting in laminar and low-turbulence systems occurs predominantly due to the interdependence between slow and fast oscillations, while bursting in high-turbulence systems is predominantly influenced by the underlying turbulence. © 2020 Author(s).
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JournalData powered by TypesetChaos
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Open AccessNo