In this paper, we have presented the results of Cr(VI) and Cr(III) removal from aqueous phase by different aquatic weeds as biosorbents. Batch kinetic and equilibrium experiments were conducted to determine the adsorption kinetic rate constants and maximum adsorption capacities of selected biosorbents. In most of the cases, adsorption followed a second-order kinetics. For Cr(III), maximum adsorption capacity was exhibited by reed mat (7.18 mg/g). In case of Cr(VI), mangrove leaves showed maximum removal/reduction capacity (8.87 mg/g) followed by water lily (8.44 mg/g). There was a significant difference in the concentrations of Cr(VI) and total chromium removed by the biosorbents. In case of Cr(VI) removal, first it was reduced to Cr(III) with the help of tannin, phenolic compounds and other functional groups on the biosorbent and subsequently adsorbed. Acid treatment significantly increased Cr(VI) removal capacity of the biosorbents whereas, alkali treatment reduced the Cr(VI) removal capacities of the biosorbents. FTIR spectrum showed the changes in functional groups during acid treatment and biosorption of Cr(VI) and Cr(III). Aquatic weeds seem to be a promising biosorbent for the removal of chromium ions from water environment. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.