A detailed examination of collision cross sections (CCSs) coupled with computational methods has revealed new insights into some of the key questions centered around curcumin, one of the most intensively studied natural therapeutic agents. In this study, we have distinguished the structures and conformers of the well-known enol and the far more elusive keto form of curcumin by using ion mobility mass spectrometry (IM MS). The values of the theoretically predicted isomers were compared with the experimental CCS values to confirm their structures. We have identified a bent structure for the keto form and the degree of bending was estimated. Using IM MS, we have also shown that ESI MS reflects the solution phase structures and their relative populations, in this case. Piperine, a naturally occurring heterocyclic compound, is known to increase the bioavailability of curcumin. However, it is still not clearly understood which tautomeric form of curcumin is better stabilized by it. We have identified preferential stabilization of the enol form in the presence of piperine using IM MS. Cyclodextrins (CDs) are used as well-known carriers in the pharmaceutical industry for increasing the stability, solubility, bioavailability, and tolerability of curcumin. However, the crystal structures of supramolecular complexes of curcumin∩CD are unknown. We have determined the structures of different isomers of curcumin∩CD (α- and β-CD) complexes by comparing the CCSs of theoretically predicted structures with the experimentally obtained CCSs, which will further help in understanding the specific role of the structures involved in different biological activities. © 2018 American Chemical Society.