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Augmented production of interleukin-6 by normal human osteoblasts in response to CD34+ hematopoietic bone marrow cells in vitro
R.S. Taichman, M.J. Reilly, , S.G. Emerson
Published in American Society of Hematology
1997
PMID: 9028938
Volume: 89
   
Issue: 4
Pages: 1165 - 1172
Abstract
Based on anatomic and developmental findings characterizing hematopoietic cells in close approximation with endosteal cells, we have begun an analysis of osteoblast/hematopoietic cell interactions. We explore here the functional interdependence between these two cell types from the standpoint of de novo cytokine secretion. We determined that, over a 96-hour period, CD34+ bone marrow cells had no significant effect on osteoblast secretion of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, or transforming growth factor-β1, but in some experiments minor increases in leukemia inhibitory factor levels were observed. However, when CD34+ bone marrow cells were cocultured in direct contact with osteoblasts, a 222% ± 55% (range, 153% to 288%) augmentation in interleukin-6 (IL-6) synthesis was observed. The accumulation of IL-6 protein was most rapid during the initial 24-hour period, accounting for nearly 55% of the total IL-6 produced by osteoblasts in the absence of blood cells and 77% of the total in the presence of the CD34+ cells. Cell-to-cell contact does not appear to be required for this activity, as determined by coculturing the two cell types separated by porous micromembranes. The identity of the soluble activity produced by the CD34+ cells remains unknown, but is not likely due to IL-1β or tumor necrosis factor-α, as determined with neutralizing antibodies. To our knowledge, these data represent the first demonstration that early hematopoietic cells induce the production of molecules required for the function of normal bone marrow microenvironments, in this case through the induction of hematopoietic cytokine (IL-6) secretion by osteoblasts.
About the journal
JournalBlood
PublisherAmerican Society of Hematology
ISSN00064971