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Analysis of tristable energy harvesters under random excitations
Published in Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
2020
Pages: 517 - 528
Abstract
This manuscript analyzes the performance of a tristable vibration energy harvester under Gaussian white noise excitation. Broadband vibration energy harvesting has attracted significant research attention and is targeted toward obtaining large power output over a wide range of frequencies. Nonlinearity can be introduced into vibration energy harvesting systems through multi-stability. In cantilever-type vibration energy harvesters, multi-stability could be achieved by the introduction of magnetic interactions. When two external magnets are used, the harvester can have up to three stable static equilibrium positions. The harvester with two stable states has been explored widely, both theoretically and experimentally. Recently, the harvester with three stable states is shown to perform better than its bistable counterpart in the presence of a linearly increasing harmonic sweep excitation. Ambient vibrations are random in nature, and the performance of tristable energy harvesters under such excitations needs to be studied. To begin with, we study the performance of tristable energy harvesters under Gaussian white noise excitation through numerical simulations. The simulations show that beyond a certain critical amplitude of excitation, the harvesters undergo inter-well oscillations and harvest more power. This implies that if the variance of the random ambient excitation is known, then the harvester could be optimized so that the mean harvested power is maximized. © Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd 2020.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetLecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering
PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
ISSN2195-4356
Open AccessNo