Aircraft loss of control is an acute phenomenon that has far reaching consequences irrespective of the class and type of aircraft. In order to ensure safe aircraft operation, loss of control problem has to be addressed efficaciously. This paper investigates various factors that trigger the onset of loss of control events and recovery solutions for the same. Rather than relying on statistics alone, this paper concentrates on simulation-based investigation towards various loss of control scenarios and subsequent recovery schemes. Through bifurcation analysis, distinct abnormal dynamics have been identified and their contributions in driving the aircraft towards loss of control have been examined. The effect of steady wind on aircraft dynamics and the evolution of chaotic dynamics as a precursor to loss of control are presented. Aircraft loss of control under actuator impairment conditions are also probed into. Various loss of control recovery schemes have been investigated and a robust loss of control recovery solution based on sliding mode control is also presented. © IMechE 2019.