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Acoustic particle trapping driven by axial primary radiation force in shaped traps
L. Malik, A. Nath, S. Nandy, T. Laurell,
Published in American Physical Society
2022
PMID: 35428152
Volume: 105
   
Issue: 3
Abstract
We study particle trapping driven by the axial primary radiation force (A-PRF) in shaped traps exposed to standing bulk acoustic waves (S-BAW) using numerical simulations and experiments. The utilization of the stronger A-PRF as the main retention force is a consequence of standing-wave formation along the flow direction, instead of the orthogonal direction as in the case of traditionally used lateral-PRF S-BAW trapping setups. The study of particle dynamics reveals that the competition between A-PRF and viscous drag force governs particle trajectory. The ratio of the acoustic energy to the viscous work (β) provides a general criterion for particle trapping at a distinctive off-node site that is spatially controllable. Particles get trapped for β≥βcr at some distance away from the nodal plane and the distance varies as β-c (c=0.6-1.0). The use of A-PRF as the retention force could potentially allow traditional S-BAW trapping systems to envisage high-throughput advancements surpassing the current standards in cell-handling unit operations. © 2022 American Physical Society.
About the journal
JournalPhysical Review E
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
ISSN24700045