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Accelerometer based system for continuous respiratory rate monitoring
Published in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages: 171 - 176
Recent advances in sensor technologies, wireless connectivity, cloud storage and availability of compact hardware allow for designing of cost effective physiological monitoring devices. There is a growing demand for wearable technologies with continuous and minimally intrusive physiological parameter monitoring capabilities. Continuous respiratory rate monitoring using a three-axis accelerometer from the sternum or abdomen is highly challenging due to motion corruption and presents a potential area of research. A system design for continuous and long term respiratory rate monitoring, in a wearable form factor with capability of remote monitoring is presented in this paper. The device runs on a low power ARM Cortex M0 microcontroller and uses inbuilt BLE (Bluetooth Low energy) module for wireless connectivity. A respiratory rate computation algorithm using motion artifact rejection is implemented on the device for reliable performance. Respiratory rate computation by the device was validated in a controlled setting, against gas pressure sensor on 20 subjects. The system architecture, device design, algorithm implementation and experimental validation of the proposed modality are presented. © 2017 IEEE.