Header menu link for other important links
X
A Viscous Potential Flow model for core-annular flow
Published in Elsevier Inc.
2016
Volume: 40
   
Issue: 7-8
Pages: 5044 - 5062
Abstract
Stability of core-annular flow has been studied extensively using spectral and pseudo-spectral methods. These methods, being computationally intensive, render the understanding of the role of each parameter on stability numerically cumbersome. Viscous Potential Flow (VPF) theory offers itself as an alternative analytical tool towards understanding stability of multiphase flows. VPF theory is known to successfully predict the stability features of capillary instability associated with jets flowing in an infinite ambient fluid analytically. In this work, we investigate the applicability of VPF theory in capturing the onset of capillary instability in core-annular flow (CAF). Here, first a VPF stability analysis of core-annular flow is performed for a base state satisfying VPF equations such that each phase has a uniform velocity (plug flow). This potential flow assumption of the base state as well as perturbed variables helps us to obtain a completely analytical dispersion relation to the problem. It is shown that the results of the analysis agree with the published literature of unconfined jets under different limiting conditions. Using VPF also helps to understand the effect of each parameter on the stability features of the system. To improve the accuracy of VPF analysis, we incorporate viscous pressure correction to ensure that continuity of tangential velocity and tangential stresses at the fluid-fluid interface are satisfied in an average sense. We show that the viscous correction to the irrotational pressure results in the same dispersion relation as that obtained by the method of energy dissipation. However, it is shown that this analytical dispersion relation is unable to predict the stability features of CAF even with the inclusion of pressure correction. Next, the stability of CAF is analyzed with laminar core-annular velocity profile as the base state. The results of this VPF analysis are compared with the stability of the complete CAF problem. It is shown that the predictions of the VPF stability analysis for the cut-off wavenumber and the fastest growing wavenumber associated with capillary instability are in close agreement with that of the complete problem for low Reynolds number and Weber number regimes. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetApplied Mathematical Modelling
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Inc.
ISSN0307904X
Open AccessYes
Concepts (20)
  •  related image
    Dispersions
  •  related image
    Energy dissipation
  •  related image
    Equations of state
  •  related image
    Fighter aircraft
  •  related image
    Pipe flow
  •  related image
    Potential flow
  •  related image
    Quantum theory
  •  related image
    Reynolds equation
  •  related image
    Reynolds number
  •  related image
    Room and pillar mining
  •  related image
    Viscous flow
  •  related image
    CAPILLARY INSTABILITY
  •  related image
    Core-annular flow
  •  related image
    DISPERSION RELATIONS
  •  related image
    Fluid fluid interfaces
  •  related image
    Linear stability
  •  related image
    Pseudospectral methods
  •  related image
    TANGENTIAL VELOCITIES
  •  related image
    Viscous potential flow
  •  related image
    Stability