In this work, a novel idea of combining two established microstructural engineering approaches viz., grain boundary engineering (GBE) and grain boundary serration (GBS) through optimization of thermomechanical and thermal processing in Alloy 617 is investigated and the superior resistance of GBE+GBS microstructure to the high-temperature hot corrosion is demonstrated. To achieve the GBE+GBS microstructure, the GBS treatment was introduced as a part of the GBE processing schedule (i.e., incomplete GBE+GBS) and following the GBE treatment (i.e., complete GBE+GBS). The extent of GBS is found to be similar in all the processed specimens. However, the extent of GBE is observed to be lower in the specimens undergoing incomplete GBE+GBS. This is due to the occurrence of recrystallization and consequent infrequent multiple twinning. On the other hand, a higher extent of GBE is achieved in the specimens subjected to complete GBE+GBS owing to the retention of the optimized GBE microstructure following the GBS treatment. The synergistic influence of GBE and GBS on the hot corrosion behavior is assessed by exposing the as-received (AR) as well as optimized grain boundary engineered and serrated (GBES) specimens to a salt mixture at 1273 K. The percolation depth after 24h and 48h exposure is significantly lower in the GBES specimen (∼55 µm and ∼115 µm, respectively) than the AR condition (∼305 µm and ∼630 µm, respectively). This is ascribed to the incorporation of Σ3n (n ≤3) and serrated boundaries in the GBES microstructure which obstructed the infiltration of harmful species into the alloy. © 2022 Acta Materialia Inc.