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A Method to Differentiate Fatiguing Conditions in Surface Electromyography Signals using Instantaneous Spectral Centroid
, Jero S.E., Bharathi K.D.
Published in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages: 690 - 693
The nonstationarity measure of surface Electromyography (sEMG) signals provide an index for muscle fatigue conditions. In this paper, a new framework has been proposed for the analysis of sEMG signal using Instantaneous Spectral Centroid (ISC). The novelty of the proposed work is use of topological signal processing method to quantify the nonstationarity of sEMG signal. For this, the signals are recorded from the biceps brachii muscles of 25 healthy subjects in isometric contraction. The analytical signals corresponding to nonfatigue and fatigue segments are computed using Hilbert Transform. Further, topological features such as center of gravity (CoG), triangular area function (TAF) and ISC are calculated from the geometrical representation of a transformed signal. The result indicates the increase of TAF in fatigue condition and the significant right shift of CoG in x-axis for 80% of subjects. Importantly, the ISC estimate is decreased by 17% upon fatiguing for 84% of subjects. The obtained results show statistical significance with p < 0.05. It is observed that the shape parameters are varied in accordance with the changes observed in global characteristics of sEMG signals during muscle fatigue. The preliminary results show that the topological features are able to quantify the nonstationarity in sEMG signal. Therefore, the proposed method can be used as a fatigue index for diagnosing various neuromuscular disorders.Clinical Relevance - This method can be used to establish metrics of muscle fatigue for the benefit of physicians especially in the field of fitness, sports, pre and post-surgery surveillance and rehabilitation. © 2020 IEEE.